The average dog can count to 5 and understands about 165 words, including signs, signals, and gestures. The smartest dogs understand up to 250 words, putting them on par intellectually with two-and-a-half-year-old humans.
The dog named Terry from the Wizard of Oz was paid $125 per week which was more than some of the other actors in the film.
Rin Tin Tin, a German shepherd that starred in many silent films, almost won the first Oscar for best actor but the Academy, "believed that this new idea of handing out these Oscars could possibly be damaged by the first Best Actor being a dog."
Dalmatians used to run alongside horse-drawn firetrucks acting as a barking siren to clear crowds, thus their positive reputations with firefighters.
The Great Dane was first bred in Germany, not Denmark, for boar hunting. It is the national dog of Germany, where it is known as a German Mastiff.
The first undisputed dog remains buried with a human are dated 14,700 years ago. Disputed remains go as far back as 36,000 years ago.
The boxers are named so because they will paw at you, or 'box you', to show affection.
Greyhounds are universal blood donors, and with few exceptions, blood from any greyhound can be given to any other breed of dog.
Airedale Terriers carried messages for soldiers during World War 1 and were very dedicated to their duties. One named 'Jack' ran through half a mile of enemy fire. He made it to headquarters with his jaw broken and one leg badly splintered and died just after delivering his message.
After years of inbreeding by kennel clubs, modern bulldogs' noses are so squashed they can barely breathe, their heads are so big they almost always have to be born via C-section. Their tails can become ingrown, they all have hip dysplasia, and their average life expectancy is 6 years.
Bloodhounds are so adept at scent tracking that the results are admissible evidence in a court of law. One of the greatest sleuths in canine history was a Kentucky bloodhound called Nick Carter. His dogged persistence led to the capture and conviction of more than 600 criminals throughout his career.
Three border collies have been trained to run around a Chilean forest devastated by wildfire in 2017. They wear special backpacks that release native plant seeds as they run around the forest.
The only non-military dog to be awarded the Dickin Medal for bravery was a collie named Sheila. In 1944, she tracked down 4 injured US airmen on a mountain during a blizzard, after their B-17 crashed. She led locals to their location, who evacuated them before the bombs detonated shortly after.
Pugs originated in Tibet and were brought as presents to the ladies of sailors as presents and went by the name "little Turks."
A British bomb detection dog named Theo died from stress a few hours after seeing his handler get shot. The pair had set a record for bomb detection, and the dog was posthumously awarded an honor equivalent to the Victoria Cross.
All corgis suffer from achondroplastic dwarfism.
After banning pit bulls in 1991, the rate of dog bites in the UK remained the same.
A service dog named Belle bit 911 into a cellphone after her owner collapsed from a seizure. She became the first canine recipient of the VITA Wireless Samaritan Award, given to someone who used a cell phone to save a life.
Dogs can eat raw chicken bones. The issue is with any cooked bone. Cooked bones become dry and brittle which can crack and splinter leading to choking, internal injuries, punctured organs, and, or death. All cooked bones should be disposed of properly and not be given as treats.
In 2007, a 9-year-old Jack Russell Terrier named George sacrificed himself to save 5 children from an attack by 2 Pit Bulls. All 3 dogs had to be euthanized, but George was posthumously awarded a PDSA Gold Medal and his heroism was commemorated with a bronze statue.
In 2016, when a sheepdog named Pero was sold to a sheep farmer in Cumbria in United Kingdom, he escaped the farm and made a 240-mile solo journey back to his birthplace of Ceredigion to reunite with his original owner.
In 2014, when a sick Great Dane was rushed to the emergency hospital, several unidentifiable foreign objects showed up in his stomach x-ray. Hours later, the surgeon reported removing 43-and-a-half socks from the dog's stomach, saving his life.
Pugs are prohibited on many airlines because of their natural vulnerability to respiratory stresses.
German shepherds were renamed to "Alsatian Wolf Dog" after World War 1 due to the anti-German sentiment of the era.
A senior Labrador retriever named Ma Kettle was surrendered to a shelter by her owners. She then escaped her new home and walked nearly 30 miles to return to her previous owners- who would not take her back.
Not all breeds of dogs can swim. Among those that can’t swim at all or swim only with great difficulty are basset hounds, bulldogs, dachshunds, pugs, corgis, Scottish and Boston terriers, and greyhounds.
In 2016, a bloodhound joined a half marathon in Alabama after her owner let her out to go pee. She ran the entire 13.1 miles and finished 7th.
Barry, a mountain rescue dog in Switzerland, saved more than 40 lives of stranded people buried under avalanches during his lifetime.
In post-Soviet Russia, feral dogs have learned to commute on the subway to broaden their food scavenging range including getting to know which stops they are looking for based on the announcements over the PA.
A pug named Pompey woke up the prince of the Netherlands, which thwarted an assassination attempt on him. To this day the pug has been the official dog of the House of Orange.
The poodle is historically a hunting dog, and its iconic pom-pom haircut is intended to help the dog stay buoyant while retrieving waterfowl.
Rottweilers were known as "Rottweil butchers' dogs" because they were used to herd livestock and pull carts laden with butchered meat and other products to market.
Pit Bulls were once known as "nanny dogs" because of how kind and protective they were of children.
Miniature Australian Shepherds have such a strong herding tendency that they will try to herd little children.
Siberian Huskies will obey if required to, but their natural tendency is to be cooperative rather than obedient, and they prefer to be companions rather than mere pets.
Most beagles are born with a white tipped tail. That was a trait selected by breeders to make them easier to identify among tall grass and dense vegetation while hunting.
The Leonberger breed of dogs were used a lot in both World Wars in and around Germany. So many of the dogs were abandoned or killed in action due to invasions that every currently living Leonberger can be traced back to only 8 that remained after World War 2.
Corgis are bred short so that they can nip at the heels of cows and sheep while herding and not get kicked in the head in the process.
Doug the Pug has a net worth of over $500,000. He is the most followed pug on the internet. Doug's Facebook page has over 6 million likes and 10 billion Facebook video views; his Instagram account has over 3 million followers, and his Twitter account has over 2 million followers.
In 2009, an Australian cattle dog named Sophie fell overboard in rough waters off of the Australian coast. She swam 5 miles to an uninhabited island, and survived for 4 months by hunting feral goats before she was rescued.
The Cordoba Fighting dog was a dog breed so aggressive it preferred to fight rather than mate, leading to its extinction.
After World War 2, the Russians used 17 different dog breeds to create the “supreme military dog” and named it Black Russian Terrier. It looks like a giant fluffy poodle.
Among all the dog breeds, golden retrievers are the most prone to cancer. It is estimated that up to 75% of all golden retrievers will get cancer during their lifetimes.
In 1923, Bobbie the Wonder Dog walked a distance of at least 2,551 miles (4,105 km) through plains, desert, and mountains in the winter to return home to his family, swimming in rivers and even crossing the Continental Divide in the coldest part of winter.
The oldest recorded dog was Max, a beagle, dachshund, terrier mix who died at in 2013 at 29 years and 282 days of age.
Dachshunds look like they do because they were bred to hunt badgers and other animals that live in burrows.
Dogs were originally listed as non-self-aware, due to failing the "mirror test". However, since dogs are not visually oriented, a new test, "sniff test of self-recognition" was developed, and it has shown significant evidence of self-awareness in dogs.
Pomeranians are sled dogs that have been miniaturized.
When dogs get the "Zoomies", it's known as Frenetic Random Activity Periods, or FRAPS, which is pent-up energy.
The skulls of pugs are so malformed that if you pull on a pug's leash too tightly, you might pop one of their eyeballs straight out of the socket