Ecuador is named after the equator which runs through the country making it the only country in the world named after a geographical feature.
Spanish is the official language in Ecuador however there are also 13 indigenous languages recognized by the government as official languages.
Ecuador is home to the world’s first and second UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Galápagos Islands were the first one and the City of Quito was the second one. Both have been recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1978.
Ecuador is by far the largest exporter of bananas. In 2018 they were accounting for almost 24 percent of all bananas exported.
In 2008 Ecuador was the first country to recognize the rights of nature in its constitution. Under the law nature is no more treated as property but acknowledge that nature has “the right to exist, persist, maintain and regenerate its vital cycles”.
The Yasuni National Park in Ecuador is one of the most biologically diverse spots on Earth. In just a single hectare over 100,000 different species of insects can be found there which is roughly the same amount of insect species that can be found in all of North America.
Quito in Ecuador is the second highest capital in the world. Only La Paz in Bolivia lies higher.
In 1949 the book “The War of the Worlds” by H. G. Wells was broadcasted via radio in Quito, Ecuador. The people listening to the show were thinking that this fictional story of aliens arriving on Earth was real, leading to a panic in the city. After it was revealed that the broadcast was fiction, the panic transformed into a riot resulting in at least seven deaths and the radio station was burned down.
Due to the fact that the equator runs through the country of Ecuador there is almost no change in the length of a day from winter to summer in Ecuador. The Sun almost ever rises and sets at 6 am and 6 pm.
In Ecuador it is compulsory for all citizens between the ages of 18 and 65 to vote in elections.
In June 2012 Ecuador granted political asylum to WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange. In January 2018 Ecuador even granted him the Ecuadorian citizenship, but this was suspended in 2019.
Brazil shares a border with all South American countries except for Chile and Ecuador.
As Earth is “thicker” around the Equator than measured around the poles the summit of Mount Chimborazo, Ecuador’s highest mountain, is the farthest point from the Earth’s center. It is therefore also the point on Earth closest to the Sun.
The Panama Hat is actually from Ecuador. The name however originates in the 1850s when people from Ecuador emigrated to Panama where they produced and sold these hats at much greater volume as they did before in Ecuador.
In 1997 Rosalía Arteaga became the first female President of Ecuador but only served for two days after she got sworn out by the Congress and the army of Ecuador.
From 1822 to 1830 Ecuador was once united with Colombia, Venezuela, Panama and northern Peru as a nation called Gran Colombia.
Around the region of the Ecuadorian city of Quito, a large number of the inhabitants suffer from a special form of dwarfism. The genetic mutation which inhibits growth also protects those affected from all forms of cancer and diabetes.
Ecuador is home to the Galápagos Islands, an archipelago of volcanic islands. Charles Darwin visited the islands in 1835 and his observations and collections contributed to the inception of his theory of evolution by means of natural selection.
Due to its altitude water boils already at 194° F (90° C) in Quito, Ecuador.