In Sri Lanka, killing an elephant is punishable by death.
An elephant calf is almost blind after birth however it can recognize its mother by touch, scent, and sound. It needs to stay very close to its mother for the first couple of months.
An elephant brain weights about 10 pounds (5 kilograms).
Asian elephants can’t run. This would require lifting all four feet at once but due to their own physiology they are not able to do this.
A fully-grown elephant can drink about 53 gallons of water within five minutes.
Elephants are able to recognize themselves in a mirror. Even most primates do not have this mental capacity.
An elephant’s trunk has more than 40,000 muscles in it and is weighing up to 400 pounds. Nevertheless, it is so dexterous that he can pick up tiny things like a single grain of rice.
In Kenya, elephant droppings are used to make paper. 110 pounds of excrement can be used to produce 125 pages of paper. The proceeds from the sale of the paper are used to expand the elephant reserve.
Although often shown in cartoons elephants do not really like peanuts. They don’t eat them in the wild, nor are peanuts a typical diet for captive elephants.
Female elephants undergo the longest pregnancy of all land mammals. They are pregnant for 22 months.
The word “elephant” is the Latinized form of the Greek word “elephas” which means “ivory”.
Elephants only need about four hours per night for sleeping. They even spend half of their sleep standing up.
Elephants are afraid of bees. Some farmers even have been seen to utilize beehives to deter elephants from coming onto their land.
Just like whales, elephants and hippos can communicate with their fellow creatures over long distances via infrasound.
Female elephants older than 60 years are still able to give birth.
While swimming elephants use their trunks as snorkels.
The oldest elephant lived to be 86. It was a Thai elephant called Lin Wang living from 1917 to 2003.
There are three different species of elephants living in the world: Asian elephants, African elephants and Savannah elephants.
The drug carfentanyl is considered to be 5,000 times stronger than heroin. The substance was originally used to anaesthetize elephants, but it is increasingly being used by humans as a drug.
The South African rock hyrax is only 20 inches tall, weighs about 8.8 pounds and looks like a big guinea pig. Nevertheless, its closest relative is the elephant.
Female elephants live in small groups of about 15 animals. They are all related and usually led by the oldest in the group.
Young elephants like to suck on their trunks just like young children like to suck on their thumbs.
Like a hug or a handshake, elephants intertwine their trunks when meeting as a show of acceptance and affection.