Logic Puzzles

The Seven Applewomen


Difficulty:


Here is an old puzzle that people are frequently writing to me about. Seven applewomen, possessing respectively 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, and 140 apples, went to market and sold all theu apples at the same price, and each received the same sum of money. What was the price?

ANSWER

Each woman sold her apples at seven for I¢, and 3¢ each for the odd ones over. Thus, each received the same amount, 20¢. Without questioning the ingenuity of the thing, I have always thought the solution unsatisfactory, because really indeterminate, even if we admit that such an eccentric way of selling may be fairly termed a "price." It would seemjust as fair if they sold them at different rates and afterwards divided the money; or sold at a single rate with different discounts allowed; or sold different kinds of apples at different values; or sold the same rate per basketful; or sold by weight, the apples being of different sizes; or sold by rates diminishing with the age of the apples; and so on. That is why I have never held a high opinion of this old puzzle.

In a general way, we can say that n women, possessing an + (n - 1), n(a + b) + (n - 2), n(a + 2b) + (n - 3), ... ,n[a + b(n - 1) 1 apples respectively, can sell at n for a penny and b pennies for each odd one over and each receive a + b(n - I) pennies. In the case of our puzzle a = 2, b = 3, andn = 7.


See also:
A Poultry Poser (Difficulty: 2)
Apple Transactions (Difficulty: 2)
Around The Equator (Difficulty: 2)
A Sidecar Problem (Difficulty: 3)
Bicycle Thieves (Difficulty: 4)

Logic Puzzle: The Seven Applewomen

Logic puzzles are loved by both children and adults. They develop logic, the ability to analyze and summarize data, look for possible solutions, form a strategy, and check data for reliability. Trying to solve a logical task, a person uses different variants of logical schemes, thereby increasing the knowledge available to him.

A variety of logic puzzles are mathematical puzzles that require not just the inclusion of logical thinking, but also knowledge of the laws of mathematics.

You can find logical and mathematical puzzles with answers on our website. Solving riddles and puzzles is a great pastime for those who like to think.